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As for wind instruments, bamboo flutes and wooden flutes are very commonly used by tribal and hill people. Accompaniment on flute to songs was a rare practice. It has now been taken up as a major instrument for accompaniment with folk songs produced by experts as a piece of finished music. Spectacular dance with music of Santals on flute and accompaniment to songs was perhaps a later feature. Various types of Madal, the percussion instrument used by Santals and other tribes, have also been in use in some folk songs of West Bengal.

The influences of raga music from a distance had helped people ultimately to choose Sarinda, flutes, Dotara, Tabla and Banya for accompaniment. The atmosphere of folk music is primarily produced by the various rhythmic expressions of particular type. So far as the rhythm patterns are concerned, Khemta, Dadra, Dothuki, Karfa, Thumri (rural type) and Lofa with different types of swings constitute the most popular form of Tal. There are also combinations of bars composed of 5 and 7 beats (Jhamp tal and Jat) as used in keertan.



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