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Gopi Jantra or Ananda Lahri is a most peculiar instrument used for swinging rhythmic patterns with various vibrations produced by strokes on a string fixed on the parchment at the base. It produces vibrations and sound effects in drone by pressing of fingers on the bamboo body fixed on gourd shell. Similar is the instrument named as Khamak or Gubguba which does not contain the bamboo top, instead the string tied to a tuning peg on the upper end is held by hand the sTRing is plucked when strokes are produced on it. It gives similar resonating effect of rhythm. The two are most useful instruments of the Bauls.

Ektara, the one-stringed popular instrument of different size made of gourd-rind or wood with one side open-some-what fork shaped or Vina-type, produces a drone of the base-note in songs.

The Bauls of the western bank of the Hoogly river play Banya by one hand suggestively. This scene is considered to be of a relatively later origin. They tie it with the waist-line and dance softly for expression of rhythmical feeling contained in the songs, rhythm being on Banya.

With every percussion instrument, as already mentioned, use of cymbals of different sizes (named Kat-kartal, Jhanjhar, Kansar, Mandira, Gini) is a common practice for providing accompaniment. On the whole, folk music (excepting the original Bhatiali and some indoor items and narratives) is incomplete without an accompaniment of instrument for Tal.

In most places the tunes are even neglected because people are primarily interested in the zest of the rhythm. Thus the usage of accompanying string-instrument like Dotara and other types was devised in course of the development of the sense of melody. Dotara is made of a single wood with a hollow that is covered by a skin (maybe, the skin of an iguana) and a bridge is placed on it, over which four strings run from the top-peg to the bottom. It is played with a plectrum at the bottom and strummed on the extended-flat by the left-finger-tips. The quivering tonic note along with stroke on 3rd or 4th or 5th note is produced along with rhythmic-patterns. This instrument must have originated in the eastern part of East Bengal and and must have later been carried to North Bengal.

Sarinda, the instrument facing extinction now, is an indigenous imitation of Sarangi-cum-Violin and is played with a bow made of horse-tail hair. It is a short sized instrument made of a single wood, its belly being hollowed and covered partially by a skin. The three strings of Sarinda with three notes, tied to the top-keys over the extended thin-flat upwards and placed on a bridge down, are played at a high pitch.

 


 
 

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