The emotional and spiritual world of folk literature is the philosophy of the Bauls and in the regions where this idea is predominant most of the people follow the profession of weaving. Jessore, Kushtia. Patina, Narsingdi, Baburhat are amongst these. They practice either Hinduism or Islam but their religious practices are laden with folk beliefs and rituals. The Bauls have tremendous influences over the weavers of Jessore, Kushtia, Patina, Narsingdi and Baburhat. There is a historical reason for this close contact. Nath Dharma is one of the derivative forms of belief of the Bauls. This is a complex and curiously obscure ritualistic ideology. Now forgotten, Nath Dharma, lost in the morass of symbolism, is still alive in the 'Jugi' or `Jola' surname of these weavers. According to Nath thought the root of human suffering is the untrained body. By bodily practices the body is purified into immortal existence. They believed one could gain the spiritual life only through the fire ritual of physical body. Nath Dharma got overpowered due to the conflict of Brahminite Sakti Dharma and Buddhist Tantric cults. In the ensuing political and social supremacy of the Brahminite faith, Nath community was pushed into the oppressed position of an outcaste. Nath Yogis took the surname of Jugi and the profession of weavers. They also added Nath to their surname. This has survived amongst this community with those who embraced Muslim faith. In this region of Bangladesh the travelling Bauls sing of the body cult and that section of agricultural community who create beautiful designs on their handloom, the structure of which is based on the formalized beauty of the body. As they weave and as they listen to the celebration of the body cult as the only way to the divine bliss, they remember their lost faith, and they revive the memory of their practices. The sadness of the tune touches the basic and permanent problems of their life.

In Brahmanbaria there is a community by the name of `Nagarchi'. Their traditional profession is singing and dancing. They profess Muslim faith and they practice Hindu rituals and are primitive in their lifestyle. The girls of this community decorate themselves with shankha or conch bangles and 'sindur' the red mark on their foreheads. They raise their hands in prayer to 'Allah' and they salute the earth mother 'Basumati' before they start their entertainment. They are not accepted in Muslim society and they are outcaste amongst the Hindu community. Their customs and behavior patterns are a complex mosaic of many cultures and traditions. In their faith they combine the impact of history.


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